Stem Cell Treatment for Macular Degeneration is an Option at ASCI
Evaluation of the Surgical Device and Procedure for Extracellular Matrix-Scaffold-Supported Human iPSC-Derived Retinal Pigment Epithelium Cell Sheet Transplantation.
Related Articles Evaluation of the Surgical Device and Procedure for Extracellular Matrix-Scaffold-Supported Human iPSC-Derived Retinal Pigment Epithelium Cell Sheet Transplantation. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2017 Jan 01;58(1):211-220 Authors: Kamao H, Mandai M, Ohashi W, Hirami Y, Kurimoto Y, Kiryu J, Takahashi M Abstract Purpose: To develop a clinically applicable transplantation device and surgical procedure for extracellular matrix-scaffold-supported human-induced pluripotent stem cell-derived retinal pigment epithelium (hiPSC-RPE) cell sheet transplantation for clinical use. Methods: The developed surgical device consisted of a custom-designed hand piece and a cannula. The subretinal transplantation of hiPSC-RPE cell sheets was performed in 12 rabbits. The results evaluated were the graft condition (damage or fold), side (front or back), position (center, near, far), and direction (anterior, posterior, right, left) immediately after surgery and the graft condition (shrinking or fold) 2 weeks after surgery. These results were evaluated by fundus photography and optical coherence tomography, followed by immersion-fixed histology. Results: All grafts could be transplanted without obvious damage. The transplanted grafts included 2 of 12 folded grafts, 12 of 12 front side, 12 of 12 center position, 10 of 12 anterior direction, and 2 of 12 right direction immediately after surgery, whereas transplantation with a distance between an inlet and an outlet greater than graft and the coaxial direction of the flow paths and the insertion device posed the correct condition and direction. Two weeks after the surgery, the transplanted grafts included two folded grafts and four shrunken grafts; however, complete drainage of subretinal fluid for adhesion between the graft and the host prevented shrunken grafts. Conclusions: A developed surgical device and procedure allow grafts to be transplanted into the targeted transplantation site safely and reproducibly. This surgical method will provide additional information on the advancement of future RPE transplantation therapies. PMID: 28114582 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]